Index
Kromme-Geelhout-Database

Species details

Genus

Genus : Bitis
Family: Viperidae (Reptilia)
Taxon : Reptile
Group : Animal

SPECIES
arietans
Sub Species
arietans
NOTES

The most common, widespread and dangerous snake in Africa. Grows to 1 m in length, weighs over 6.0 kg and has a girth of 40 cm. It has a blunt, rounded snout. Eats mainly small mammals. Generally sluggish but can strike incredibly fast.


AUTHORITY
(Merrem, 1820)
Sub Author
Conservation
Common
Habit
Not Applicable
Land Invertebrate
n/a 


Colour
Notes: The dorsal ground colour is yellow to reddish-brown overlaid with a pattern of 18-22 backwardly-directed, dark brown bands that extend down the back and tail. The belly is white. Photo courtesy of Evans family
Colour: Yellow
Notes: Darker brown markings
Colour: Brown
Common Name
Puff adder
African puff adder
Pofadder
Snake
Habitat
NOTES: Generally seen basking in the road
HABITAT NAME: Veld
NOTES: Frequently seen swimming in the river
HABITAT NAME: River
Uses
Toxicity
An extremely poisonous species which has a cytotoxic venom. About 100 mg is thought to be enough to kill a healthy adult human male
Months
All year
Synonyms for Species
Cobra lachesis
Cobra clotho
Vipera severa
Vipera inflata
Vipera arietans
Echidna arietans



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